BEFORE A DISASTER
- Be familiar with contact information for the NEMA office as well as for your District Management Team
- Prepare an emergency supplies kit with important documents (IDs, passports, insurance papers, list of medications, allergies, special equipment, blood type and important contacts – Contacts should include names and numbers of doctors, pharmacists, family members, caretakers) Lists should be stored in a waterproof container and kept with you at all times
- First Aid Kit with gauze, Dettol, etc
- Batteries for radio, flashlight and other assistance such as hearing aids etc.
- Portable Radio
- Extra supply of current medications (check expiry dates)
- Sheets and extra clothing
- Sanitary items
- A whistle to signal for help
- Water for at least two days
- Non-perishable food and a manual can opener
- A shelter is just a place to stay until the storm passes:
- Make “the buddy system” your first priority by securing shelter with friends or family
- Know the location of public shelters in your area
- Go to a shelter before the storm strikes, if you are uncertain as to whether your residence can withstand the impact
- Take a full change of clothes, medicines, flashlight with batteries, toiletries, wash rag with towel, blanket and a pillow and if possible, a cot
- Have a supply of food and drinking water
- Public feeding will only begin, if necessary, three days after the storm has passed
- Create a family plan for escape and make sure every member of your family knows what to do and when
- Try to be calm
- Call 911 or someone for help
- Never hide from a fire under a bed or in a closet
- Get down on your hands and knees and crawl to the door
- Never open a door if the knob feels warm, in stead crawl to a window and call for help
- Do not open doors or windows from the direction in which the wind is blowing
- Go to your family’s meeting place, according to your plan
- Keep away from electrical wires, appliances, gas tanks and kerosene oil
DURING A DISASTER
These are the actions that are undertaken during a disaster situation in an attempt to save lives and reduce economic losses.
AFTER A DISASTERRehabilitation: This inludes the restoration of basic services like utilities and communications, and the beginning of the repairs of any damages caused by the disaster.
Reconstruction: This includes the medium to long-term repairs of damages caused by the disaster.